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Like most people, I wanted a happy and peaceful life. Having a soul mate and being loved would make it all complete. In the sixties, I found myself in a homosexual lifestyle. I was happy; I was loved and loved back. Along with my partner, I filled my life with things we enjoyed, like softball, bowling, camping, and being outdoors. These things all brought a degree of happiness, but there was no pe Life Quotes by Bethran contains ninety personal quotes from Bethran Akpuchukwu, which address many topics or issues of life that one may be dealing with.
If you approach this book with an open mind and heart, then this book could literally change your life forever Have you ever wanted to do in-depth studies on the truth in God's Word, but you didn't know where to start? Or are you a new Christian who is looking for a solid foundation into the fundamentals of Christianity and even learn about some of the more controversial and difficult topics?
Or maybe you are a non-Christian who is just looking into what Christianity is all about. If you fit into any of th In this book, Sara has it all according to worldly possessions. She has the love of a wonderful man, more money than anyone needs in their lifetime, and the job she had work so hard and always dreamed about having. Sara had all this and still kept a kind heart and wanted to give back to the world. She would help anybody in any way she could. Sara had it all, yet she always felt as if something was If you are trying to figure out what this Christian journey is all about, you need to read this book.
This book starts with Genesis and ends with Revelation giving you a clear understanding of your Christian walk. In this book, you will read about the greatest love story ever told which is the love God has for us. You will learn the importance of the blood of Jesus. There is a section in th The Little Book is the Manifesto.
Good thing to know from The Little Book: The everlasting gospel of Jesus Christ is God's grace with good news of the sending of the Promised Messiah into the world to die for our sins. And the fulfillment of the Abraham's covenant and promises, which deal with God's politica Larry has come to understand that there are two basic ways that the Bible can be taught. The first is the most prevalent. It consists of telling the Christian the things that he or she should be doing and the things that he or she should not be doing, sometimes accompanied with relatively meaningless ways of doing or not doing these things.
The second way to teach the Bible is to teach it by revea Four children and their families are anxious as they anticipate a visit from St. Little do they know, he too is experiencing his own excitement and wonders of his own abilities The favor of God is a beautiful thing! It is written in the. Revelation: Written in Layman's Terms, Volume 2, covers chapters 20 to 22, along with the continuation of the Tribulation Period in detail. It also contains the chronology of the Second Coming of Christ, the battle of Armageddon, the one-thousand-year millennium, and finally, eternity the ages to come!
Life for me began at age forty, when I became a believer in Jesus. I had been "churched" as a child, but with little understanding of how the Old and New Testaments fit together, let alone how God connected to me. But on January 22, , my husband and I walked into a new church. When the pastor, Ron Mehl, said, "My words mean nothing unless the Holy Spirit is here and runs you through wi In Appalachia, the mountains seems to be a place where you can sense the presence of God.
In the Bible, it says many times that Jesus went up to the mountain to pray. The people that are raised in that area seem to have a desire to serve the Lord. Our life is a battle between God and Satan for our souls. It's a fight between our flesh, which is the mind, and the spirit, which is our soul. Peace, Beauty and Joy: Come to the Paradise! Shining and beautiful, he reaches out to us in dreams and visions. He gives us words, images, instructions, and adventures on a need-to-know basis.
His greatest desire is that we know him and his fathomless love for us. Through the years as a pastor's wife and teacher, Marjorie has written lessons for Bible studies, the classroom, and speaking engagements. This is her first attempt to write a summary like this one. There are many people who either don't have the time or don't take the time to learn more about their Bibles. This summary is designed to give the reader a condensed knowledge of each book of th Having lost his parents at an early age, the young bird Jerry finds himself the odd man out at a small pond. Looking for purpose and at his lowest, he meets a red bird who reveals that there's more to him than he even knew.
Only by looking up and finding this Red Bird does Jerry find out what it is that God made him for! This book is for every woman who has felt that getting married over a certain age is hopeless. The truth is that for every one of you, there is another woman out there who has done it! This book was written to give hope to the many women I have met through daily life and travels. So many women were asking me questions about my personal story of getting married after the age of fifty. It actually s On December 30, , declaration of highly disputed presidential election results triggered widespread violence across Kenya.
The height of the violence was on January 1, when attackers who were unleashing murderers' violence on supporters of the presidential candidate who had just been declared winner meticulously planned and torched down Kenya Assemblies of God church full of women, childr On the open road is a wonderful place to learn and enjoy the great outdoors.
The awe-inspiring sight of all the domestic and wild animals is an incredible experience. God has created a planet that is sometimes beyond our expectations Seen as a modern-day guide to life and faith, Unscripted is about the journey one takes to self-discovery. Written through the eyes of author, Asaya A. Azah, this book is a collection of writings, covering topics such as the art of saying goodbye, the truth behind sex, and facing the difficult reality of faith burnout. This collection will not only answer questions few dare to ask, but it w Would you hike through a scary, creepy spider patch for a friend?
This is the story of "A Rock and a Hard Place. The school bells are ringing and all the kids in Mrs. Bagby's class are cheering, "Hooray! Let the summer fun begin! Sista Me is thrilled because her favorite cousin, Joshy, will be visiting from Jamaica. She has a lot of Everett Quinn, a homeless man, befriends Brian Sanchez, a troubled young teen who has no father. As they become good friends, the boy turns his life around through inspiring stories and motivation from this down-and-out homeless man.
But not until the homeless man is attacked and in a coma do we find out that he is much more than what he appears to be. And is that other voice of Everett's w Do the words regular and usual illustrate your life? Are the words "fine" and "good" your response to polite questions? What if regular was really remarkable and the unbelievable could be found in the usual? So many people fail to see the incredible worth of their lives. Finding the Extra in Your Ordinary will help you see the true value of your life and the difference you are making in the wor Sometimes, things just don't feel right.
Clara, the church bookkeeper and secretary sensed her church was in trouble. She prayed to God for help for both her and the church. The cause of all the troubling items came from sources you would never expect. God answered Clara's prayers, but it took twenty-one days to rectify the horrible mess created It all started with just God and darkness. But God is so full of love that He wanted to create the universe, allowing Him to share His love with everything He created. Explore the way God created it all and how He was thinking of you from the very beginning of time.
God Created It All and Me! What pain can a heart endure before it ceases to beat? What horrors linger in the mind that cannot be forgotten? What soul cannot be redeemed? Where can love be found in a world so full of foulness? This story travels through these questions and many more. Come take the journey with June as she navigates through life's toughest choices in search of the love we all long for Life can offer opportunities at the most unusual times, even with a simple request to drive a car and your life is changed forever.
The question arises, how do you create a family vacation and conference center out of land that was once homesteaded? You need to construct not only the roads but install all the infrastructure, build the buil Rejected to Accepted is a book for people who have longed for a loving and healthy romantic relationship but have not been able to encounter the "happy ever after" they have desired.
After experiencing domestic violence, a series of failed and unhealthy relationships, the author was left wondering, would anyone ever love her? Rejected to Accepted explores the personal struggles and triumphs This book is a series of incidents recalled at random from my twenty-seven-year career as a city of Austin's professional firefighter.
I worked at many fire stations with many different crews. I started out at Station 8, and in less than three months I was transferred to Station 1, the Central Station, or headquarters. I worked there for seven years. While at Central Station, I work The modern-day teacher, with the vast amount of material available, from an unlimited number of sources, makes the day of using one text obsolete. Technology has made the teacher capable of producing materials for their class a matter of judgment and choice.
Teachers, old and new, can use a useful guide to help pending chaos. For the new teacher instant help would to some extent eliminate the long Finding Lorey is a marvelous story about friends coming together to brave the perils of the wide open Pacific Ocean. In order to save their home, the Great Barrier Reef, which is dying from a disease, they have been told by wise old Rusty that Lorey has the magic to restore the Reef to its lively old self.
Irene Wiggle is an ordinary girl with ordinary feelings. Sometimes she feels inadequate. Sometimes she feels like she wishes she were somebody else. But sometimes she realizes that she is happy just being Irene. Read to find out what is special about Irene Wiggle, and then think about yourself. What makes you special? What is it about you that is truly unique? Let's see if you can find out why you Pray Like a Pro is an incredible prayer tool in the hands of every believer from the beginner to the seasoned prayer intercessor. There is no greater prayer example to follow than the prayer that Jesus, Himself, prayed and then gave to His disciples.
The Lord's Prayer is more than a prayer to recite. It is an in-depth study of strategic and effective communication that combined with faith will pro It is the third book in a series of twenty-six. The goals of this series are to indicate that in perceived imperfection, there is still grace and perfection; to teach the alphabet and increase vocabulary; to show a love for animals while teaching facts of each; to show that the imagination is a wonderful thing to use; and to The Warrior Inside details the life events of Jeanette Golden.
As a very young girl, Jeanette was caught in a web of poverty and sexual and physical abuse. In spite of her situation, her warrior spirit gave her an inner strength and tenacity to survive. She was determined to be an overcomer and fight for her destiny. This is the story about six organizations who have different stories but ended up in the same place. Helping those who can't help themselves! Cries of the Heart was inspired by a friend telling me to write down my thoughts, feelings, and prayers. I was going through a very hard time, separation and divorce.
The writings inside Cries of the Heart are my cries, discussions, longings, and praises to and with Jesus, my Lord. I was asked to publish the "prayers," so others can read them and know that they are not alone in what Satan has no real power over Christians. He only has doubt. So what if the garden of Eden were underwater, Lucifer tweaked the Ten Commandments, or faith was found in whatever was the acceptable behavior of the majority?
Waiting for the Comeback is a thought-provoking, inspiring, and sometimes controversial look at what we humans are accepting as today's norms. At a time when evil seems to There are many ways for a young boy to grow into a man. Randal Gritzner took his own unique path. His personality and character were influenced by many people. Many of those people offered good Christian influence, and some offered influence of less positive nature. Randal's parents were strong Christians with exceptional work ethic.
Having all four strong Christian grandparents liv Maybe you've never stopped to think about what you really believe. This book takes you through one man's journey of spiritual discovery. David Senften's story describes how foundational and soul searching that experience can be, how revealing it can be to look directly into your own heart and become aware of exactly what y Over two thousand years ago, a man named Jesus of Nazareth lived, preached about love and forgiveness to his friends and followers, ultimately was crucified on a cross, died, and rose on the third day.
It is a story that has been told and retold for millennia. But what do we know about what was happening in the shadows of Christ's cross? The overtly obvious and seemingly malicious maligning of our Founders by many Americans within our systems of education, government, and media is being performed with a greater intensity at the passing of each year. This constant, incessant, and relentless barrage of misinformation and falsehoods about their beliefs, character, and intentions is not only blatantly unjust on its face, it is being d This memoir is about the experiences of this young boy, probably here by accident, stumbling through life, facing many challenges, making probably every mistake possible, learning at an early age the power of God and prayer and then realizing, finally, that so many people, many he never knew, were in his corner, pulling for him to succeed.
Mary Eleanor Wolfe was one of the most delightful people I've ever had the good fortune to know. I can still hear her lilting chuckle and see her sparkling blue eyes! Mary was a prolific writer. Her love for children and vivid imagination makes her, in my mind, a modern-day Hans Christian Andersen. She wrote an entire collection of timele Am I Too Little for God is a story written from the perspective of a young three-year-old child, Matthew.
He talks about a Sunday church praise and worship service. What he observes about the people, how they respond, and how he feels. During the conversation he has with his parents about his observations, he asks his parents the question "Am I too little for God? This book tells some of his journey that. The title chosen for this book originally appeared in a short story which has been reprinted in this. Grown-ups make new years resolutions every year!
Why can't children make resolutions too? This year Amy decides to make her own holiday resolution and her best friend Andy decides to help her out. Even the town superhero joins them to help keep the resolution. The three soon realize that Amy's resolution has changed a lot about their favorite holidays! In chapter , it states: "Blessed is he that 1 readeth, and they that 2 hear the words of this prophecy, and GOD Has Need of You GHNOY is a book of inspirational messages written to encourage, enlighten, inspire and motivate believers and non-believers alike, who are struggling to trust or continue to trust our Heavenly Father GOD, through intense trials, tests, tragedies, and heartbreaks in life.
Some people even struggle to trust HIM in good times. He is excited to spend a perfect summer day with his mama. Unfortunately, many problems pop up along the way: a traffic jam, snack-stealing seagulls, a thunderstorm, and more! How will this blooper-filled day end? This amusing and endearing story reminds us to encourage one another through challenging days.
Somzoas Megini has never been normal a single day in his life. He was born with purple eyes, and there's a dragonfly detective that lives inside of his imagination that communicates with him. When Somzoas thinks he's embarking on a regular New Year's vacation with his friends to Mexico, many strange things begin to happen all around him. Without any choice at all, Somzoas finds himself in a new di God Loves My Skin was written to promote confidence within all children. This life is a challenge to each of us, though it may come to us in different ways. The adolescent wants to be liked, to fit into the crowd.
He struggles with being himself yet feels the pressure by his peers to conformity.
The teenager seeks personal significance and meaning. And moving into adulthood, the challenges may change by degree, but they are ever present. The JJ book series is a storybook devotional that tells the stories of a young Christian named JJ who is learning what it means to be a Christian. As young readers see JJ learning about his faith, they will gain tools that will help build theirs and show them how they can live out the teachings in the Bible.
The discussion questions at the end of the book will help parents engage their young ones She is the epitome of what every Christian woman strives to be. This study is intended to define each trait that makes up the character of this amazing woman. It also provides a practical guide on how to become this woman. With advice from multiple Godly married women and guidance from the Scriptures, I invite you to join me in the journey The value or significance of anything, including life, is found in its meaning.
An innate desire to matter which comes from our souls, naturally, causes us to question our value; yet we live in a society where the value and sanctity of human life has increasingly diminished. Slowly, our hearts are becoming desensitized to acts of terrorism, chemical warfare, In a far faraway land, there was a secret. It was a secret because you couldn't see it with your natural eyes or hear it with your natural ears. This secret carried with it all the wonders and answers to the universe, and it looked for anyone who wanted the truth of this here world.
For some children, they dedicated their whole life to knowing all about it. For others, the simplicity of cheap toy Since I had already completed books on two Persons in the Trinity, I decided to complete a "trilogy of the Trinity. The first was a review of what the whole Bible says about the Holy Spirit.
I named it The Spirit of Scripture. The second was a devotional study of the book of Hebrews and has turned out Courage is the master keythe power to your success in life. It's the means through which great people winsucceed. It's the ability that turns on your talents and spiritual gifts. It propels them into actionto work and bear their intended fruits for you, to affect the lives of others and, finally, to glorify your Maker. This book challenges the reader to use God's eyes, not their own, when measuring a persons' worth since it is God who is their true Creator and Author and Finisher of their life Ally's daddy is a fireman, and Ally and her little brother Carter loved going to the fire station where they were allowed to sit in the big fire trucks.
One day, things changed when her beloved forest caught fire, leaving it badly burned. It was a hard reality for a little girl, but she learned that God makes the forest new and that she could be made new too! I sincerely wrote this true story of my childhood life that I may be able to encourage a child or a parent to write about their childhood experiences.
Especially if there is something that might be troubling to them. I had a very adventurous childhood with my parents, siblings, and friends. All I wanted to do was please my parent Holy Collisions is a rollercoaster ride through heaven and hell and each page can't come fast enough! Through the eyes of a child Teresa Laughlin depicts her childhood as different, dangerous and supernatural.
Monsters are real and walk among us. Her monster, her betrayer and her Judas was her father! The Way to the Kingdom of Love and Peace is based on a true story of survival through disease, abuse, and divorce.
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Donna Marie lost contact with her biological dad growing up. She started writing one Father's Day when she came across some old letters she received from her dad that he sent to her when she was a young adult. She shares these letters with you along with the trials she faced on her jo This story is about three brothers: my eldest brother, Dennis; middle brother, Luther; and me Seth , Rickey as I am known.
Though we have nothing in common, we did work together on various projects, and many times we would travel around the western part of the United States at different jobsites. My brothers would frequently go to bars after work, and I would go to my room. We would have no deali This workbook is a combination of the wisdom I have gained through my twenty-five-plus years as a. It is eclectic in that it is a mix of several techniques and ways to.
Today, our world is a scary hyperconnected place. Thanks to the internet, we know more than we ever did when our world was limited to our town and local news. At any given time, we can witness tragedy anywhere in the world through a device in our pockets. It seems more than ever the cable news network's sling drama and fear This takes a toll on our psyche. More Americans today are being diag Nate the Gnat is a story about an adventurous little gnat that just doesn't seem to fit in. In fact, he loves to daydream about being anything but a gnat.
He's convinced that God wants him to be something completely different. Follow along with Nate on his adventure through the breathtaking mountains, meadows, and forests of the Blue Ridge Mountains as he tries to find a new identity with t This book was written primarily to autonomous Christian churches and those who serve and worship at them. Many areas covered were reflection of the author's views based on his fifteen years of pastoral experience.
Major emphasis was placed on church order. The author wants to make the church aware of what should be the process of calling a pastor, instituting a system of discipline, how to The cover photograph can change your life forever. Discover why! However as intense as these events were, I can assure you that "A Crown for Jesus" is a lot more about You and everybody on our God's great earth than it is about me.
If you doubt that, then just look at the amazing picture I took of His spectacular The book tells the story of the life of John Woodin and his adventures into a world of journalism, television news, and drinking.
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It begins the first time he had a beer at thirteen and goes through dozens of humorous anecdotes and funny stories of his life in newspapers and broadcasting, and bars. Emily Janette was an entrepreneur. She had an egg business with a large flock of beautiful chickens. They were all shades of brown, black, and white. And some were speckled in shades of white, brown, and black. The hens produced many eggs that Emily Janette took to market. On a crisp sunny winter day, all was going well.
The chickens were out getting exercise and pecking around for bits of Thomas brought the first century birth of Christianity alive by blending Biblical truth, and human history as seen through the eyes of one young girl on her journey of faith. As Esther's story continues, we follow this now young woman, along with her husband, Anthony and their adopted son, Nymes, on their mission to bring the Word of God to Anthony's Little Joey is a hunting dog who is going to take you on an exciting trip into his world where both man and dog communicate in normal everyday language.
Little Joey is a dog who is proud of the accomplishments of parents and grandparents, perhaps a little too proud. Little Joey believes he should be "top dog" without ever having to work his way up through the ranks, and it is this attitude that ge This idea first came from watching and hearing televangelists on Christian broadcasts after I had been saved. I was blessed to have a pastor and a church family that embraced me and poured themselves into my life with teachings and testimonies that enhanced my walk with Jesus immensely. I often wondered who were there for the people who received Jesus over the television waves or in large conventi Christine, five years ago, lost her husband, Rob, suddenly in a car wreck.
She felt like their puzzle of life had fallen off the table, and all the pieces were scattered. Five years after her husband's death, she has picked up the pieces and started putting the pieces back in her puzzle.
Some pieces were the same, and some pieces didn't fit. The one thing that did remain the same was the border pi They constitute the Divine Trinity, consisting of three distinct persons working in unity. They then created the heavens and the earth out of nothing in the dateless past. Among their creations were angels and pre-Adam beings. Patrick T. Hall's informative Choosing Perspectives over Perceptions walks readers through a landscape of terminology that will shed light on the reason why one's social perceptions should give way to a refocusing on perspectives.
In the global world of today, perspectives emerge from a variety of diverse factors including religion, education, the use and misuse of power, and social and cul Meet Chester Squirrel. A normal little baby squirrel for the most part with one exception: he can't eat nuts. What's a Mommy Squirrel to do? How will her little boy grow up? See what he and his mother do to get him a full belly. With a little help from a friend, Mommy Squirrel gets this figured out, and Chester gets to feel great. Enjoy the little squirrel tale, and may it become one of your favor The adventures of Diana continue as her trouble magnet gets her in over her head and definitely out of her comfort zone in England.
Little does Diana know, the family member she is trying to help is in her own conundrum. It will take all the skills of Ben and Scott, plus a few more, to get these ladies out of trouble Are you trying to wait on God's perfect timing but feel he's forgotten you? Abandoned you in your singleness?
If you answered yes to any of these questions, you are not the only one who has felt this way. Kristen Clemmens knows exactly how you feel. Deidre Darling and Atticus the Great are the guardians of their neighborhood. From behind the garden gate they keep watch to make sure everything is as it should be. When called upon by their furry friends, they come to the aid of all. Both Deidre Darling and Atticus the Great love and respect their neighbors and work hard to make sure all are safe and happy Intimacy is a lovely and necessary closeness that is often connected with special relationships between humans.
The closeness and commitment set the relationship apart as particularly valuable above others. The best example is intimacy with the Lord. Intimacy with Him is just as obtainable absent the physical as intimacy with another human is with the presence of physical contact. Through these years of learning about God, He asked me several questions and showed me things that have become my building blocks to knowing and walking with Him.
I have diligently expressed the same revelations in this book. The revelation of What You Believe You Behave and an encounter where God spoke about "knowing Him by heart and not in my head" and the understanding that I did not have the h What is in your hand? God once asked Moses this profound yet simple question. God obviously understood the answer, but did Moses? In his hand he held a simple shepherd staff that would part the Red Sea waters!
Do we like Moses really hear the invitation to enter into a personal relationship based on truth and trust with God Himself? The Kingdom of God on earth becomes a reality when we open our he Nothing warms the heart more than spending time in God's word. We need that communication with him to teach us and guide us through the struggles that come our way. However, our time reading the Bible is more than that.
Constant conversations with our Heavenly Father bring us into an intimate relationship with him. He speaks to us through the words we read. We speak to him through prayer. Do you want to feel financially independent while living healthy to enjoy the fruits of your labor? Do you also want to experience the best life that God has for you? Then this is the best book to teach you how to include God in all of your plans, and reach all of your life goals.
Sit down, and let's make some time for God. Open up your Bible, and read this handbook. It features an opportunity of Horace is a small lonely garden snail. He didn't have any friends and spent his time alone. So he passed the time pushing his nose through the garden and quietly humming to himself. One day he met a quirky, pretty, happy little caterpillar named Giselle. And she loved to sing! Lacey and Mary O. Voices of the Old South: Eyewitness Accounts, — Edited by Alan Gallay.
Benevolence among Slaveholders: Assisting the Poor in Charleston, — By Barbara L. By Jay Fliegelman. By Joseph J. By Stephen Skowrenok. By Christine Bolt. Edited by Frank Freidel and William Pencak. By Richard L. The Autobiography of Edward Jarvis — Edited by Rosalba Davico. By Alan I. By Michael J. By David Cheseborough. By Charles C. By Roderick A. By James J. Barnes and Patience P. By Paul A. By Ian Drury and Tony Gibbons. By Kathleen Diffley. By Flavel C. Edited by Gary W. Grisamore, CSA. Edited by Arthur W. Bergeron, Jr. By Ernst Pitner. By Dickson D. Bruce Jr.
By Quintard Taylor. By Stephen J. By Raymond Gavins. By Joseph Smith. By John Bodnart. By Robert Gordon Kaufman. Our revels now are ended. These our actors, As I foretold you, were all spirits and Are melted into air, into thin air; And like the baseless fabric of this vision, The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces, The solemn temples, the great globe itself, Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve, And, like this insubstantial pageant faded, Leave not a rack behind.
We are such stuff As dreams are made on, and our little life Is rounded with a sleep. The Tempest is explicitly concerned with its own nature as a play, frequently drawing links between Prospero's art and theatrical illusion; the shipwreck was a spectacle that Ariel performed, while Antonio and Sebastian are cast in a troop to act. Thomas Campbell in was the first to consider that Prospero was meant to partially represent Shakespeare, but then abandoned that idea when he came to believe that The Tempest was an early play. Prospero is a magician, whose magic is a beneficial "white magic".
Prospero learned his magic by studying in his books about nature, and he uses magic to achieve what he considers positive outcomes. Shakespeare uses Caliban to indicate the opposite — evil black magic. Caliban's mother, Sycorax, who does not appear, represents the horrors that were stirring at this time in England and elsewhere regarding witchcraft and black magic. Magic was taken seriously and studied by serious philosophers, notably the German Henricus Cornelius Agrippa , who in published in three volumes his De Occulta Philosophia , which summarized work done by Italian scholars on the topic of magic.
Agrippa's work influenced John Dee , an Englishman, who, like Prospero, had a large collection of books on the occult, as well as on science and philosophy. It was a dangerous time to philosophize about magic— Giordano Bruno for example was burned at the stake in Italy in — just a few years before The Tempest was written. Prospero uses magic grounded in science and reality — the kind that was studied by Agrippa and Dee. Prospero studied and gradually was able to develop the kind of power represented by Ariel, which extended his abilities.
Prospero seeks to set things right in his world through his magic, and once that is done, he renounces it, setting Ariel free. What Prospero is trying to do with magic is essential to The Tempest; it is the unity of action. Prospero seems to know precisely what he wants. Beginning with the tempest at the top of the play, his project is laid out in a series of steps.
His plan is to do all he can to reverse what was done twelve years ago when he was usurped: First he will use a tempest to cause certain persons to fear his great powers, then when all survived unscathed, he will separate those who lived through the tempest into different groups. These separations will let him deal with each group differently. What is beyond his magical powers is to cause them to fall in love. But they do. The next stages for the couple will be a testing.
To help things along he magically makes the others fall into a sleep. The masque which is to educate and prepare the couple is next. But then his plans begin to go off the tracks when the masque is interrupted. Prospero's magic hasn't worked on Sebastian and Antonio, who are not penitent. Prospero then deals with Antonio, not with magic, but with something more mundane—blackmail.
Tillyard plays it down as a minor disappointment.sdb.bo/includes
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Some critics consider Sebastian and Antonio clownish and not a real threat. Stephen Orgel blames Prospero for causing the problem by forgetting about Sebastian and Antonio, which may introduce a theme of Prospero's encroaching dotage. In the end Prospero is learning the value of being human.
The story draws heavily on the tradition of the romance , a fictitious narrative set far away from ordinary life. Romances were typically based around themes such as the supernatural, wandering, exploration and discovery. They were often set in coastal regions, and typically featured exotic, fantastical locations and themes of transgression and redemption, loss and retrieval, exile and reunion.
As a result, while The Tempest was originally listed as a comedy in the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays, subsequent editors have chosen to give it the more specific label of Shakespearean romance. Like the other romances, the play was influenced by the then-new genre of tragicomedy , introduced by John Fletcher in the first decade of the 17th century and developed in the Beaumont and Fletcher collaborations, as well as by the explosion of development of the courtly masque form by such as Ben Jonson and Inigo Jones at the same time.
In the denouement of the play, Prospero enters into a parabasis a direct address to the audience. Prospero, and by extension Shakespeare, turns his absolution over to the audience. Four centuries after original productions of the play audiences are still clapping at the end of The Tempest , rewarding Prospero for recreating the European hegemony. One need not change the text of The Tempest for feminist and anti-colonial reproductions. All that is needed is a different kind of audience, one that is aware of itself and its agency.
In Shakespeare's day, much of the world was still being colonized by European merchants and settlers, and stories were coming back from the Americas, with myths about the Cannibals of the Caribbean, faraway Edens , and distant tropical Utopias. With the character Caliban whose name is almost an anagram of Cannibal and also resembles " Cariban ", the term then used for natives in the West Indies , Shakespeare may be offering an in-depth discussion into the morality of colonialism.
Different views of this are found in the play, with examples including Gonzalo 's Utopia, Prospero 's enslavement of Caliban, and Caliban's subsequent resentment. Caliban is also shown as one of the most natural characters in the play, being very much in touch with the natural world and modern audiences have come to view him as far nobler than his two Old World friends, Stephano and Trinculo, although the original intent of the author may have been different.
There is evidence that Shakespeare drew on Montaigne 's essay Of Cannibals —which discusses the values of societies insulated from European influences—while writing The Tempest. Beginning in about , with the publication of Psychology of Colonization by Octave Mannoni , The Tempest was viewed more and more through the lens of postcolonial theory. This new way of looking at the text explored the effect of the coloniser Prospero on the colonised Ariel and Caliban. Although Ariel is often overlooked in these debates in favour of the more intriguing Caliban, he is nonetheless an essential component of them.
Fernandez Retamar sets his version of the play in Cuba , and portrays Ariel as a wealthy Cuban in comparison to the lower-class Caliban who also must choose between rebellion or negotiation. For example, Michelle Cliff , a Jamaican author, has said that she tries to combine Caliban and Ariel within herself to create a way of writing that represents her culture better. Such use of Ariel in postcolonial thought is far from uncommon; the spirit is even the namesake of a scholarly journal covering post-colonial criticism. Feminist interpretations of The Tempest consider the play in terms of gender roles and relationships among the characters on stage, and consider how concepts of gender are constructed and presented by the text, and explore the supporting consciousnesses and ideologies, all with an awareness of imbalances and injustices.
The Tempest is a play created in a male dominated culture and society, a gender imbalance the play explores metaphorically by having only one major female role, Miranda. Miranda is fifteen, intelligent, naive, and beautiful. The only humans she has ever encountered in her life are male. Prospero sees himself as her primary teacher, and asks if she can remember a time before they arrived to the island—he assumes that she cannot. When Miranda has a memory of "four or five women" tending to her younger self 1. Other women, such as Caliban's mother Sycorax , Miranda's mother and Alonso's daughter Claribel, are only mentioned.
Because of the small role women play in the story in comparison to other Shakespeare plays, The Tempest has attracted much feminist criticism. Miranda is typically viewed as being completely deprived of freedom by her father. Her only duty in his eyes is to remain chaste. Ann Thompson argues that Miranda, in a manner typical of women in a colonial atmosphere, has completely internalised the patriarchal order of things, thinking of herself as subordinate to her father. Most of what is said about Sycorax is said by Prospero, who has never met Sycorax — what he knows of her he learned from Ariel.
When Miranda asks Prospero, "Sir, are you not my father? This surprising answer has been difficult for those interpretations that portray their relationship simply as a lordly father to an innocent daughter, and the exchange has at times been cut in performance. Adaptations of the play, not Shakespeare's original, dominated the performance history of The Tempest from the English Restoration until the midth century.
Upon the restoration of the monarchy in , two patent companies —the King's Company and the Duke's Company —were established, and the existing theatrical repertoire divided between them. They tried to appeal to upper-class audiences by emphasising royalist political and social ideals: monarchy is the natural form of government; patriarchal authority decisive in education and marriage; and patrilineality preeminent in inheritance and ownership of property.
In , Thomas Shadwell re-adapted Dryden and Davenant as an opera of the same name, usually meaning a play with sections that were to be sung or danced. The opera was extremely popular, and "full of so good variety, that I cannot be more pleased almost in a comedy" according to Pepys. It opened with what appeared to be a tempest, but turns out to be a riot in a brothel.
Ariel was—with two exceptions—played by a woman, and invariably by a graceful dancer and superb singer. Caliban was a comedian's role, played by actors "known for their awkward figures". In , David Garrick staged another operatic version, a "three-act extravaganza" with music by John Christopher Smith. The Tempest was one of the staples of the repertoire of Romantic Era theatres. John Philip Kemble produced an acting version which was closer to Shakespeare's original, but nevertheless retained Dorinda and Hippolito.
In , a year after the debut of his operatic version, David Garrick produced a heavily cut performance of Shakespeare's script at Drury Lane , and it was revived, profitably, throughout the century. It was not until William Charles Macready 's influential production in that Shakespeare's text established its primacy over the adapted and operatic versions which had been popular for most of the previous two centuries. The performance was particularly admired for George Bennett 's performance as Caliban; it was described by Patrick MacDonnell—in his An Essay on the Play of The Tempest published in —as "maintaining in his mind, a strong resistance to that tyranny, which held him in the thraldom of slavery".
The Victorian era marked the height of the movement which would later be described as "pictorial": based on lavish sets and visual spectacle, heavily cut texts making room for lengthy scene-changes, and elaborate stage effects. Hans Christian Andersen also saw this production and described Ariel as "isolated by the electric ray", referring to the effect of a carbon arc lamp directed at the actress playing the role.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Caliban, not Prospero, was perceived as the star act of The Tempest , and was the role which the actor-managers chose for themselves. Frank Benson researched the role by viewing monkeys and baboons at the zoo; on stage, he hung upside-down from a tree and gibbered. Continuing the lateth-century tradition, in Herbert Beerbohm Tree wore fur and seaweed to play Caliban , with waist-length hair and apelike bearing, suggestive of a primitive part-animal part-human stage of evolution.
John Gielgud played Prospero numerous times, and is, according to Douglas Brode, "universally heralded as … [the 20th] century's greatest stage Prospero". Peter Brook directed an experimental production at the Round House in , in which the text was "almost wholly abandoned" in favour of mime. In spite of the existing tradition of a black actor playing Caliban opposite a white Prospero, colonial interpretations of the play did not find their way onto the stage until the s. Miller's production was described, by David Hirst, as depicting "the tragic and inevitable disintegration of a more primitive culture as the result of European invasion and colonisation".
This used a mixed cast made up of white actors as the humans and black actors playing the spirits and creatures of the island. According to Michael Billington , "von Sydow's Prospero became a white overlord manipulating a mutinous black Caliban and a collaborative Ariel keenly mimicking the gestures of the island's invaders.
The colonial metaphor was pushed through to its logical conclusion so that finally Ariel gathered up the pieces of Prospero's abandoned staff and, watched by awe-struck tribesmen, fitted them back together to hold his wand of office aloft before an immobilised Caliban. The Tempest suddenly acquired a new political dimension unforeseen by Shakespeare. Psychoanalytic interpretations have proved more difficult to depict on stage. However neither was regarded as wholly successful: Shakespeare Quarterly , reviewing Freedman's production, commented, "Mr.
Freedman did nothing on stage to make such a notion clear to any audience that had not heard of it before. In , John Wood played Prospero for the RSC , emphasising the character's human complexity, in a performance a reviewer described as "a demented stage manager on a theatrical island suspended between smouldering rage at his usurpation and unbridled glee at his alternative ethereal power".
Japanese theatre styles have been applied to The Tempest. It was staged as a rehearsal of a Noh drama, with a traditional Noh theatre at the back of the stage, but also using elements which were at odds with Noh conventions. Controversially, in the early performances of the run, Ariel spat at Prospero, once granted his freedom. Wolfe in the outdoor New York Shakespeare Festival production of , where the casting of Aunjanue Ellis as Ariel opposite Patrick Stewart 's Prospero charged the production with erotic tensions.
The Tempest was performed at the Globe Theatre in with Vanessa Redgrave as Prospero, playing the role as neither male nor female, but with "authority, humanity and humour The performance was in collaboration with The Imaginarium and Intel , and featured "some gorgeous [and] some interesting"  use of light, special effects, and set design. The Tempest has more music than any other Shakespeare play, and has proved more popular as a subject for composers than most of Shakespeare's plays.
Scholar Julie Sanders ascribes this to the "perceived 'musicality' or lyricism" of the play. Two settings of songs from The Tempest which may have been used in performances during Shakespeare's lifetime have survived. At least forty-six operas or semi-operas based on The Tempest exist. In Act 3, a psychoanalyst, Mangus, pretends to be Prospero and uses situations from Shakespeare's play in his therapy sessions.
This opera is unique in that the three vocalists, a soprano , contralto , and tenor , are voices rather than individual characters, with the tenor just as likely as the soprano to sing Miranda, or all three sing as one character. There is an instrumental alter ego cello also for Prospero. Ballet sequences have been used in many performances of the play since Restoration times. Ludwig van Beethoven 's Piano Sonata No. But this story comes from his associate Anton Schindler , who is often not trustworthy. Stage musicals derived from The Tempest have been produced.
Percy Bysshe Shelley was one of the earliest poets to be influenced by The Tempest. The poem uses simple diction to convey Ariel's closeness to nature and "imitates the straightforward beauty of Shakespeare's original songs". One writer who explored these ideas was Robert Browning , whose poem " Caliban upon Setebos " sets Shakespeare's character pondering theological and philosophical questions. This features a female Ariel who follows Prospero back to Milan, and a Caliban who leads a coup against Prospero, after the success of which he actively imitates his former master's virtues.
Auden 's "long poem" The Sea and the Mirror takes the form of a reflection by each of the supporting characters of The Tempest on their experiences. The poem takes a Freudian viewpoint, seeing Caliban whose lengthy contribution is a prose poem as Prospero's libido. From the midth century, Shakespeare's plays, including The Tempest , began to appear as the subject of paintings.
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The work attempted to translate the contents of the plays into pictorial form. This extended not just to the action, but also to images and metaphors: Gonzalo's line about "mountaineers dewlapped like bulls" is illustrated with a picture of a Swiss peasant with a goitre. The illustrations highlight the fairy-tale quality of the play, avoiding its dark side.
Of the 40, only 12 are direct depictions of the action of the play: the others are based on action before the play begins, or on images such as "full fathom five thy father lies" or "sounds and sweet airs that give delight and hurt not".
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Fantasy writer Neil Gaiman based a story on the play in one issue of his comics series The Sandman. The comic stands as a sequel to the earlier Midsummer Night's Dream issue. This issue follows Shakespeare over a period of several months as he writes the play, which is named as his last solo project, as the final part of his bargain with the Dream King to write two plays celebrating dreams.
The story draws many parallels between the characters and events in the play and Shakespeare's life and family relationships at the time. The Tempest first appeared on the screen in In , Percy Stowe directed a Tempest running a little over ten minutes, which is now a part of the British Film Institute 's compilation Silent Shakespeare. Much of its action takes place on Prospero's island before the storm which opens Shakespeare's play.
At least two other silent versions, one from by Edwin Thanhouser , are known to have existed, but have been lost. Wellman , in The science fiction film Forbidden Planet set the story on a planet in space, Altair IV, instead of an island. Professor Morbius and his daughter Altaira Anne Francis are the Prospero and Miranda figures both Prospero and Morbius having harnessed the mighty forces that inhabit their new homes. Ariel is represented by the helpful Robby the Robot , while Sycorax is replaced with the powerful race of the Krell.
Caliban is represented by the dangerous and invisible "monster from the id", a projection of Morbius' psyche born from the Krell technology instead of Sycorax's womb.
In the opinion of Douglas Brode, there has only been one screen "performance" of The Tempest since the silent era, he describes all other versions as "variations". It cut the play to slightly less than ninety minutes. A episode of the television series Star Trek , " Requiem for Methuselah ", again set the story in space on the apparently deserted planet Holberg G.
In , Derek Jarman produced a homoerotic Tempest that used Shakespeare's language, but was most notable for its deviations from Shakespeare. The film reaches its climax with Elisabeth Welch belting out Stormy Weather.