- From the Life of Lorenzo Snow
- They Came to the Mine - Linda Stevenski - Google Libros
- They Came to the Mine
However, coal companies in southern West Virginia, seeking to fulfill their contracts and maintain production, tried to replace the striking workers with new recruits called "transportation men. Grace Jackson, interviewed during an oral history project in the s, remembered women wielding guns when trains carrying new workers arrived: "The women and the men got their high-powered rifles, and they got on their bellies and laid on each side of the track Willie Helton, another woman living in the coalfields at that time, recalled using her dress as effective cover for transporting guns: "And I slipped one gun down into my dress on this side.
From the Life of Lorenzo Snow
I had one gun on either side of me, and I had a pocket full of shells. I couldn't hardly walk. One of the most famous women in the southern West Virginia coalfields was not a miner or a miner's wife.
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She was a woman named Mary Harris "Mother" Jones. Her husband and children's deaths in the Yellow Fever epidemic of left her without family obligations, and she devoted herself to fighting for workers' rights. She became involved with the United Mine Workers of America UMWA , and in speeches throughout the coalfields, Mother Jones utilized a visceral form of maternalist politics to advocate for miners. Adopting the character of a universal mother, Jones questioned the courage and masculinity of coal miners who were reluctant to join the union.
To recalcitrant miners she added, "You ought to be ashamed of yourselves Mother Jones' and other female organizers' intellectual and political commitment to their cause invited sexist criticisms at the time. A New York Times reporter expressed surprise in when he listed the contents of Mother Jones' purse: "comb and brush and powder puff. She has a powder puff.
They Came to the Mine - Linda Stevenski - Google Libros
That, too, astonished me. Her interest in organizing the miners and her visits to coal camps in Collier, WV, precluded her, in the mind of a federal judge, from being regarded as a moral woman. Sellins was later killed during a conflict with police while picketing with steelworkers in Brackenridge, Pennsylvania. Abouzelof turned down the offer. Healing crystals and stones can change hands several times before they end up at the Tucson showcase—from miner to cutting factory to tumbler to perhaps another seller.
There are no international requirements to track these movements, so shop owners often have to trust that their source is telling the truth about where the stone came from. In turn, consumers who buy healing crystals have to trust that the person behind the counter is telling the truth, too.
They Came to the Mine
For instance, the owner of the number-one selling Etsy store in America— California-based JewelersParadise , which also owns the store RockParadise —says she sources directly from mines that she feels are environmentally and ethically sound. They recycle water used in cutting, they provide proper work environments for their staff and are just wonderful in general. But neither she nor Abouzelof who has a page on her website about sourcing will disclose the specific mines or factories or tumblers, citing the difficulty of determining their identities.
How can they ensure that the energy the stone purportedly contains has not been compromised by bad ethical vibes? One answer would be to shift the responsibility of ethical sourcing from the healing shop owner to an independent or government body.
The government could regulate the flow of crystals—as it does with diamonds —to ensure only responsibly-mined stones are allowed to enter the country, or it could implement sustainable mining regulations for healing crystals. Regulations specific to healing crystals currently do not exist anywhere, though Canada, Finland, Argentina, Botswana, Spain and the Philippines have the strongest sustainable mining regulations.
Abouzelof suggests looking for crystals from there. The government or a nonprofit could also develop a certification process for healing crystals, akin to the Fair Trade and Organic labels for food. The industry, despite its boom, might not be big enough, and mineral enthusiasts might not care enough.
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